Sunday, January 31, 2016

Powershell Forensics Framework

Uma ótima dica para quem busca alternativas (e elas são sempre boas, por mais bem equipado que você esteja) para investigações em sistemas de arquivo NTFS (em breve ext4 tb):

https://github.com/Invoke-IR/PowerForensics/

"PowerForensics is a PowerShell digital forensics framework. It currently supports NTFS and is in the process of adding support for the ext4 file system."

Boot Sector:


Get-ForensicMasterBootRecord - gets the MasterBootRecord from the first sector of the hard drive Get-ForensicGuidPartitionTable - gets the GuidPartitionTable from the first sector of the hard drive Get-ForensicBootSector - gets the appropriate boot sector (MBR or GPT) from the specified drive Get-ForensicPartitionTable - gets the partition table for the specified drive

New Technology File System (NTFS):


Get-ForensicAttrDef - gets definitions of MFT Attributes (parses $AttrDef) Get-ForensicBitmap - determines if a cluster is marked as in use (parses $Bitmap) Get-ForensicFileRecord - gets Master File Table entries (parses $MFT) Get-ForensicFileRecordIndex - gets a file's MFT record index number Get-ForensicUsnJrnl - getss Usn Journal Entries (parses $UsnJrnl:$J) Get-ForensicUsnJrnlInformation - getss UsnJrnl Metadata (parses $UsnJrnl:$Max) Get-ForensicVolumeBootRecord - gets the VolumeBootRecord from the first sector of the volume (parses $Boot) Get-ForensicVolumeInformation - gets the $Volume file's $VOLUME_INFORMATION attribute Get-ForensicVolumeName - gets the $Volume file's $VOLUME_NAME attribute Get-ForensicFileSlack - gets the specified volume's slack space Get-ForensicMftSlack - gets the Master File Table (MFT) slack space for the specified volume Get-ForensicUnallocatedSpace - gets the unallocated space on the specified partition/volume (parses $Bitmap)

Windows Artifacts:


Get-AlternateDataStream - gets the NTFS Alternate Data Streams on the specified volume Get-ForensicEventLog - gets the events in an event log or in all event logs Get-ForensicExplorerTypedPath - gets the file paths that have been typed into the Windows Explorer application Get-ForensicNetworkList - gets a list of networks that the system has previously been connected to Get-ForensicOfficeFileMru - gets a files that have been recently opened in Microsoft Office Get-ForensicOfficeOutlookCatalog - gets a Outlook pst file paths Get-ForensicOfficePlaceMru - gets a directories that have recently been opened in Microsoft Office Get-ForensicOfficeTrustRecord - gets files that have been explicitly trusted within MicrosoftOffice Get-ForensicPrefetch - gets Windows Prefetch artifacts by parsing the file's binary structure Get-ForensicRunKey - gets the persistence mechanism stored in registry run keys Get-ForensicRunMostRecentlyUsed - gets the commands that were issued by the user to the run dialog Get-ForensicScheduledJob - gets Scheduled Jobs (at jobs) by parsing the file's binary structures Get-ForensicShellLink - gets ShellLink (.lnk) artifacts by parsing the file's binary structure Get-ForensicSid - gets the machine Security Identifier from the SAM hive Get-ForensicTimezone - gets the system's timezone based on the registry setting Get-ForensicTypedUrl - gets the Universal Resource Locators (URL) that have been typed into Internet Explorer Get-ForensicUserAssist - gets the UserAssist entries from the specified volume Get-ForensicWindowsSearchHistory - gets the terms that have been searched for using the Windows Search feature

Application Compatibility:


CacheGet-ForensicAmcache - gets previously run commands from the Amcache.hve registry hive Get-ForensicRecentFileCache - gets previously run commands from the RecentFileCache.bcf file Get-ForensicShimcache - gets previously run commands from the AppCompatCache (AppCompatibility on XP) registry key

Windows Registry:


Get-ForensicRegistryKey - gets the keys of the specified registry hive Get-ForensicRegistryValue - gets the values of the specified registry key

Forensic Timeline:


ConvertTo-ForensicTimeline - converts an object to a ForensicTimeline object Get-ForensicTimeline - creates a forensic timeline

Extended File System 4 (ext4):


Get-ForensicSuperblock - returns the ext4 SuperBlock object Get-ForensicBlockGroupDescriptor - returns the Block Group Descriptor Table entries Get-ForensicInode - returns the Inode Table entries

Utilities:


ConvertFrom-BinaryData - implements PowerForensics' BinShred API to parse binary data into an object Copy-ForensicFile - creates a copy of a file from its raw bytes on disk Get-ForensicChildItem - returns a directory's contents by parsing the MFT structures Get-ForensicContent - gets the content of a file from its raw bytes on disk Invoke-ForensicDD - provides a bit for bit copy of a specified device

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